News by Andrew Kameka on Thursday June 19, 2014.
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When Google introduced Android 4.4 KitKat last year, it added a new Android Runtime (ART) that would be in testing and eventually replace Dalvik, the current run time in Android. The details of why this is important are highly technical, but to put it in layman's terms, Android is going to be faster soon.
Android currently relies on Dalvik, a virtual machine that helps run apps on Android and compiles code as it is being used. ART is a replacement that uses Ahead-of-time compilation, which compiles code ahead of time - hence the name - and has the potential to improve app performance. Google has been developing the newer run time for several years, and it felt comfortable enough to let users test the feature by opting to turn it on in KitKat. The testing period appears to be closing as Android might soon switch to ART by default.
The Android Open Source Project page has an announcement titled "Dalvik is dead, Long live dalvik." It is authored by a Google employee and shows that the Android team will make ART the default runtime system when the next version of Android debuts. When exactly that happens is unclear, but all signs point to Google announcing a new version of Android at Google I/O next week.source: The Inquirer
Andrew is based in Miami, Florida.